Publications

2021 Publications



Bending curvture of subducting plates: old versus young slabs. Geophysical Journal International

*R Dasgupta, *J Sen, N Mandal

https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggab070


Early Miocene exhumation of high-pressure rocks in the Himalaya: A response to reduced India-Asia convergence velocity. Frontiers in Earth Science

*G. Maiti, N. Mandal

 https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/feart.2021.632806/full


Controls of Subducting slab dip and age on the extensional versus compressional deformation in the overriding plate. Tectonophysics

*R. Dasgupta, N. Mandal, C. Lee

 

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2020.228716


2020 Publications



First Principles Prediction of Exceptional Mechanical and Electronic Behaviour of Titanite (CaTiSiO5). Materialia

*P Das, *S.K. Mandal, N. Mandal 

http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3693560


Cold plumes initiated by Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities in subduction zones, and their characteristic volcanic distributions: the role of slab dip. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth

*D. Ghosh, *G. Maiti, N. Mandal, A. Baruah

https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JB019814


Control of planar fabrics on the development of tensile damage zones under high-speed deformation: an experimental study with granite and gneiss. Journal of Structural Geology

*B. Jacob, S. Misra, P. Venkitanarayanan, N. Mandal

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsg.2020.104148


Slab-parallel advection versus Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities in melt-rich layers in subduction zones: A criticality analysis. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors

*D. Ghosh, *G. Maiti, N. Mandal

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pepi.2020.106560

 


Mid-crustal ramping of the Main Himalayan Thrust in Nepal to Bhutan Himalaya: New insights from analogue and numerical experiments. Tectonophysics

*S. Ghosh, S. Bose, N. Mandal, *A. Laik

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2020.228425


Insights into the dynamics of an orogenic wedge from lubrication theory: Implications for the Himalayan tectonics. Tectonophysics.

*G. Maiti, N. Mandal, S. Misra

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2020.228335


2019 Publications



A novel approach to the structural distortions of U/Th snub-disphenoids and their control on zircon? reidite type phase transitions of U1- xThxSiO4. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter

*Mondal, S. K., Das, P.K., Mandal, N., Arya, A. 

https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1361-648X/ab60e4 


How far does a subduction wedge follow lubrication dynamics? Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors

*G. Maiti, N. Mandal

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pepi.2019.106346


Basin development by relaxation of a buckled elastic layer: Insights from laboratory experiments. Journal of Structural Geology

Marques, F.O., Mandal, N., Barbosa, J.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsg.2019.103885


On the Development of Shear Surface Roughness. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 124 (2), 1273-1293

*Mukhopadhyay, M., Biswas, U., Mandal, N., Misra, S.

 https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JB016677


A novel approach to quantify the structural distortions of U/Th snub-disphenoids and their role in zircon to reidite type phase transition of urnaothorite. arXiv preprint: 1907.05115, 2019 (Cornell University)

*Mondal, S. K., *Das, P.K., Mandal, N., Arya, A. 

https://arxiv.org/abs/1907.05115


2018 Publications



Control on frontal thrust progression by the mechanically weak Gondwana horizon in the Darjeeling-Sikkim Himalaya. Tectonophysics, 727, 12-27.

*Ghosh, S., Bose, S., Mandal, N., Das, A.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2018.01.033


Surface topography of the overriding plates in bi-vergent subduction systems: a mechanical model. Tectonophysics, 746, 282-295

*Dasgupta, R., Mandal, N.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2017.08.008


Production, pathways and budgets of melts in mid-ocean ridges: an enthalpy based thermo-mechanical model. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors

Mandal, N., Sarkar, S., *Baruah, A. and *Dutta, U.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pepi.2018.01.008


Tectonic overpressure at shallow depth in the lithosphere: The effects of boundary conditions. Tectonophysics, 746, 702-715.

Marques, F.O., Ranalli, G. and Mandal, N.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2018.03.022


Channel flow, tectonic overpressure, and exhumation of high-pressure rocks in the Greater Himalayas. Solid Earth, 9, 1061-1078.

Marques, F.O., Mandal, N., *Ghosh, S., Ranalli, G., Bose, S.

https://www.solid-earth.net/9/1061/2018/


Channel flow, tectonic overpressure, and exhumation of high-pressure rocks in the Greater Himalayas.

Marques, F.O., Mandal, N., *Ghosh, S., Ranalli, G., Bose, S., ; (2018) ; Solid Earth, 9, 1061-1078.

https://www.solid-earth.net/9/1061/2018/se-9-1061-2018.pdf


Breakup versus coalescence of closely packed fluid drops in simple shear flows. International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 111, 1-15.

*Barai, N., Mandal, N.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2018.11.002


2017 Publications



Effects of Fe substitution on B3-B1 phase transition and structural, vibrational, and electronic properties of ZnS from DFT calculations, Journal of Applied Physics, 121, 085101(1-8)

*Das, P.K., Mandal, N., Arya, A.

https://aip.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.4976813


Pre-Himalayan tectono-magmatic imprints in the Darjeeling-Sikkim Himalaya (DSH) constrained by 40Ar/39Ar dating of muscovite. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 146, 211-220.

Acharyya, S. K., Ghosh, S., Mandal, N., Bose, S., & Pande, K.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2017.05.027


2016 Publications



Post-buckling relaxation of an elastic layer and its geological relevance: insights from analogue experiments in pure shear. Tectonophysics, 668-669, 82-91.

Marques, F.O., Mandal, N.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2015.12.004


First-principles characterisation of the pressure-dependent elastic anisotropy of SnO2 polymorphs, Philosophical Magazine, 96 (18), 1861-1882.

*Das, P.K., Chowdhury, A., Mandal, N., Arya, A.

https://doi.org/10.1080/14786435.2016.1177228


Breakup modes of fluid drops in confined shear flows, Physics of Fluids, 28 (7) 073302

*Barai, N., Mandal, N.

https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4954995


Role of source-layer tilts in the axi-asymmetric growth of diapirs triggered by a Rayleigh-Taylor instability, Geophysical Journal International, 206 (3): 1814-1830.

*Dutta, U, Baruah, A., Mandal, N.

https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggw244


Current trends of geodynamic research in India: a review of theoretical and experimental studies, Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy, 82(3), 425-434.

Mandal, N.

 


Sandbox modelling of sequential thrusting in a mechanically two-layered system and its implications in fold-and-thrust belts. Journal of Geodynamics, 100, 104-114.

*Saha, P., Bose, S., Mandal, N.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jog.2016.05.005


2015 Publications



First-order topography of the Himalayan Mountain belt: a deep-crustal flow analysis. Geological Society of London Special Publications.

Mandal, N., Bose, S., Baruah, A., Sarkar, S.

https://doi.org/10.1144/SP412.9


Fault damage zones in mechanically layered rocks: The effects of planar anisotropy. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth.

*Misra, S., Ellis, S., Mandal, N.

https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JB011780


Effects of bed rock anisotropy on hillslope failure in the Darjeeling-Sikkim Himalaya: an insight from physical and numerical models. Landslides, 12 (5), 927-941.

*Roy, S., Baruah, A., Misra, S., Mandal, N.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10346-014-0513-x


Role of pressure and temperature in inclusion-induced shear localization: an analogue experimental approach. Journal of Structural Geology, 81, 78-88.

*Misra, S., Mandal, N., Dasgupta, S.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsg.2015.10.004


How far does a ductile shear zone permit transpression? Ductile shear zone: from micro- to macro-scale. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

*Dasgupta, S., Mandal, N., Bose, S.

https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118844953.ch2


2014 Publications



Ascent modes of jets and plumes in a stationary fluid of contrasting viscosity. International Journal of Multiphase Flow 63, 1-10.

*Dutta, U., Sarkar, S., Baruah, A., Mandal, N.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2014.02.007


The behaviour of deformable and non-deformable inclusions in viscous flow. Earth Science Reviews, 134, 16-69.

Marques, F.O., Mandal, N., Tabroda, R., Antunes, J.V., Bose, S.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2014.03.007


Role of random thermal perturbations in the magmatic segmentation of mid-oceanic ridges: Insights from numerical simulations. Tectonophysics, 636, 83-99.

*Sarkar, S., Baruah, A., Dutta, U., Mandal, N.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2014.08.008


Orogen-transverse tectonic window in the Eastern Himalayan fold belt: A superposed buckling model. Journal of Structural Geology, 66, 24-41.

Bose, S., Mandal, N., Acharyya, S. K., Ghosh, S., Saha, P

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsg.2014.05.008


2013 Publications



Electronic structure, optical properties and the mechanism of the B3-B8 phase transition of BeSe: Insights from hybrid functionals, lattice dynamics and NPH molecular dynamics.Journal of Physics Condensed Matter 25 (12), 125401.

*Dutta, R., Alptekin, S., Mandal, N.

https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0953-8984/25/12/125401/meta


Rapid ascent conditions of diamond-bearing kimberlitic magmas: Findings from high pressure-temperature experiments and finite element modeling Tectonophysics 594 , 13-26.

*Baruah, A., Gupta, A.K., Mandal, N., Singh, R.N

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2013.03.006


Dynamics of solid-melt front migration from a reaction-diffusion mode. Heat and Mass Transfer 50. 31-38.

*Baruah, A., Roy, M.K., Sarkar, S., Mandal, N.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00231-013-1221-0


Ballooning versus curling of mantle plumes: views from numerical models. Current Science, 104 (7), 893-903.

*Dutta, U., Sarkar, S., Mandal, N.

https://www.jstor.org/stable/24092102?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents


2012 Publications



Mg doping in wurtzite ZnO coupled with native point defects: A mechanism for enhanced n-type conductivity and photoluminescence Applied Physics Letters 101 (4) , 042106.

*Dutta, R., Mandal, N.

https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4738990


Is a cation ordering transition of the Mg-Fe olivine phase in the mantle responsible for the shallow mantle seismic discontinuity beneath the Indian Craton? Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth 117 (12), B12304.

 Mandal, N., Chakravarty, K.H., Borah, K., Rai, S.S.

https://doi.org/10.1029/2012JB009225


Effects of pressure on the elasticity and stability of zircon (ZrSiO4): first principle investigation. Computational Materials Science, 54 (1), 157-164.

*Dutta, R., Mandal, N.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.commatsci.2011.09.035


Structure, elasticity and stability of reidite (ZrSiO4) under hydrostatic pressure: a density functional study. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 135 (203), 322-329.

*Dutta, R., Mandal, N.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2012.04.052


Effects of Fe2+ and Zn2+ substitution on the structure and high pressure stability of MgAl2O4 spinel from DFT calculations. Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 73 (9), 1099-1105.

*Dutta, R., Mandal, N.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpcs.2012.05.002


2011 Publications



Spatial and temporal variation of the strain fields in orogenic belts: an analysis based on kinematic models, in Numerical Methods and Models in Earth Science, ed. Ghosh,P., New india Publishing Agency, India.

*Mitra, A.K., Mahmoud, M., Sarkar, S., Mandal, N.


2010 Publications



Numerical Modeling of Flow Patterns around Subducting Slabs in a Viscoelastic Medium and its Implications in the Lithospheric Stress Analysis. Journal Geological Society of India, vol. 75, pp. 98-109. Springer.

*Kumar, N., Sarkar, S., and Mandal, N.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12594-010-0027-7


Interaction of surface erosion and sequential thrust progression: Implications on exhumation processes Journal Geological Society of India, vol. 75, pp. 338-344. Springer.

Bose, S., Mandal, N.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12594-010-0020-1


2009 Publications



Modes of hill-slope failure under overburden loads: Insights from physical and numerical models. Tectonophysics, v. 473, iss. 3-4, p. 324-340.

*Roy, S., Mandal, N.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2009.03.005


Mechanisms of deformation localization at the tips of shear fractures: Findings from analogue experiments and field evidence. J. Geophys. Res., 114, B04204..

*Misra, S., Mandal,  N., Dhar, R., Chakraborty, C.

https://doi.org/10.1029/2008JB005737


Site preference of Fe atoms in FeMgSiO4 and FeMg(SiO3)2 studied by density functional calculations. Phys. Rev. B., 79, 115103.

*Chatterjee, S., Sengupta, S., Saha-Dasgupta, T., Chatterjee, K., Mandal, N.

https://journals.aps.org/prb/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevB.79.115103


Orogenic processes in collisional tectonics with a special reference to the Himalayan Mountain chain: A review of theoretical and experimental works. Physics and Chemistry of Earth’s interior. INSA Platinum Jubilee Volume.

Mandal, N., Mitra, A.K., Bose, S.


2008 Publications



Repeated emplacement of syntectonic pegmatites in Precambrian Granite Gneisses: indication of pulsating brittle-ductile rheological transitions. In: Indian Dykes (Eds. Srivastava et al.). Narosa Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India.

*Mahmoud M. Y., Mitra A. K., Dhar R., Sarkar S., Mandal, N.


2007 Publications



Use of boudinaged rigid objects as a strain gauge: insights from analogue and numerical models. Journal of Structural Geology, 29, 759-773.

Mandal, N., Dhar. R., Misra, S., Chakraborty, C.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsg.2007.02.007


Localization of plastic deformation in rocks containing stiff flaws: Insights from experimental and theoretical models. Journal of Geophysical Research (Solid Earth), 112, B09206

*Misra, S, Mandal, N.

https://doi.org/10.1029/2006JB004328


2006 Publications



Numerical models of flow patterns around a rigid inclusion in a viscous matrix undergoing simple shear: implications of model parameters and boundary conditions- Reply. Journal of Structural Geology 28, 1375-1378.

Mandal, N., Samanta, S.K., Chakraborty, C.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsg.2005.05.003


Is the outcrop topology of dolerite dikes of the Precambrian Singhbhum Craton fractal? Journal of Earth System Science, 115, 643-660.

Mandal, N., Mitra, A.K., Misra, S., Chakraborty, C.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12040-006-0002-2


2005 Publications



Rotation behaviour of rigid inclusions in multiple associations: insights from experimental and theoretical models. Journal of Structural Geology, 27, 679-692

Mandal, N., Samanta, S. K., Bhattacharyya, G., Chakraborty, C.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsg.2004.11.007


Rotation of single rigid inclusions embedded in an anisotropic matrix: a theoretical study. Journal of Structural Geology, 27, 731-743.

Mandal, N., Misra, S., Samanta, S. K.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsg.2004.12.005


Numerical models of flow patterns around a rigid inclusion in a viscous matrix undergoing simple shear: implications of model parameters and boundary conditions. Journal of Structural Geology 27, 1599-1609.

Mandal, N., Samanta, S.K., Chakraborty, C.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsg.2005.05.003


2004 Publications



Role of weak flaws in nucleation of shear zones: an experimental and theoretical study. Journal of Structural Geology, 26, 1391-1400

Mandal, N., Misra, S., Samanta, S.K.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsg.2004.01.001


Problem of folding in ductile shear zones: a theoretical and experimental investigation, Journal of Structural Geology, 26, 475-489.

Mandal, N., Samanta, S.K., Chakraborty, C.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsg.2003.07.004


Extensional detachment at the inclusion-matrix interface in multiple inclusion systems. Journal of Structural Geology, 26, 1773-1781.

Mandal, N., Bhattacharyya, G., Chakraborty, C.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsg.2004.01.011


2003 Publications



Flow patterns around rigid inclusions in a multiple inclusion system undergoing bulk simple shear deformation. Journal of Structural Geology 25, 209-221.

*Samanta, S.K., Mandal, N., Chakraborty, C.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8141(02)00032-9


Deformation of ductile inclusions in a multiple inclusion system in pure shear. Journal of Structural Geology 25, 1359-1370.

Mandal, N., Samanta, S. K., Bhattacharyya, G., Chakraborty, C

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8141(02)00204-3


Kinematics of the Gondwana basins of peninsular India. Tectonophysics 377, 299-324

Chakraborty, C., Mandal, N., Ghosh, Sanjoy, K

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2003.09.011


2002 Publications



Simulation of inclusion trail patterns within rotating synkinematic porphyroblasts. Computers and Geosciences 28, 297-308.

*Samanta, S.K., Mandal, N., Chakraborty, C., Majumder, K.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0098-3004(01)00013-9


Development of structures under the influence of heterogeneous flow field around rigid inclusions: insights from theoretical and numerical models. Earth-Science Reviews 58, 85-119.

*Samanta, S.K., Mandal, N., Chakraborty, C.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0012-8252(01)00084-8

 

 


Flow and strain patterns at the terminations of tapered shear zones. Journal of Structural Geology 24, 297-309.

Mandal, N., Samanta, S.K., Chakraborty, C.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8141(01)00065-7


Development of different types of pull apart microstructures in mylonites: an experimental investigation. Journal of Structural Geology 24,1345-1355.

*Samanta, S.K., Mandal, N., Chakraborty, C.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8141(01)00139-0


Progressive changes in strain patterns and fold styles in a deforming ductile orogenic wedge: an experimental study. Journal of Geodynamics 33, 353-376.

*Chattopadhyay, A., Mandal, N.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0264-3707(01)00079-5


Recent developments in numerical modelling in structural geology. Jour.Geol. Soc. India 59, 12-13.

Mandal, N.


2001 Publications



Numerical modeling of heterogeneous flow fields around rigid objects with special reference to particle paths, strain shadows and foliation drag. Tectonophysics 330, 177-194.

Mandal, N., Samanta, S.K., Chakraborty, C.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0040-1951(00)00223-7


Controls on the failure mode of brittle objects hosted in a ductile matrix. Journal of Structural Geology 23, 51-66.

Mandal, N., Chakraborty, C., Samanta, S.K.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8141(00)00127-9


. Flattening in shear zones under constant volume: a theoretical evaluation. Journal of Structural Geology 23, 1771-1780.

Mandal, N., Chakraborty, C., Samanta, S.K.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8141(01)00029-3


2000 Publications



Analysis of deformational structures associated with rigid: recent developments. Indian Journal of Geology 72, 1-29.

*Samanta, S.K., Mandal, N., Chakraborty, C.


Boudinage in multilayered rocks under layer-normal compression: a theoretical analysis. Journal of Structural Geology 22, 373-382.

Mandal, N., Chakraborty, C., Samanta, S.K.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8141(99)00156-X


An analysis of anisotropy of rocks containing shape fabrics of rigid inclusions. Journal of Structural Geology 22, 831-839.

Mandal, N., Chakraborty, C., Samanta, S.K.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8141(00)00002-X


Progressive development of mantle structures around elongate porphyroclasts: insights from numerical models. Journal of Structural Geology 22, 993-1008.

Mandal, N., Samanta, S.K., Chakraborty, C.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8141(00)00020-1


1998 Publications



Geological structures of the northern part of the Zawar belt, Rajasthan, and the problem of location/translocation of the ores. Indian Journal of Geology 70, 171-183.

Banerjee, S., Mandal, N., Sarkar, S.C.


1997 Publications



Imbricate thrust spacing: theoretical and experimental analyses. In: Evolution of Geologic Structures (ed: Sengupta, S). Chapman & Hall, London, pp.143-165.

Mandal, N., Chattophdhyay, A., Bose, S.


Development of quartz ribbons in Quartzo-feldspathic granulites. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci (Earth Planet Sci.), 106, 225-236.

Mandal, N. Fujino, K., Samanta, S.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02843450


1995 Publications



Modes of reverse reactivation of domino-type normal faults: experimental and theoretical analyses. Journal of Structural Geology 17, 1151-1163.

Mandal, N., Chattophdhyay, A.

https://doi.org/10.1016/0191-8141(95)00015-6


Mode of development of sigmoidal en echelon fractures. Proceedings Indian Acad. Sci. 104, 453-464.

Mandal, N.


1994 Publications



Evidence of nonlinear relationship between fracture spacing and layer thickness. Journal of Structural Geology 16, 1275-1281.

Mandal, N., Deb, S.K., Khan, D.

https://doi.org/10.1016/0191-8141(94)90069-8


1993 Publications



Superposed buckling in multilayers. Journal of Structural geology 15, 95-111.

Ghosh, S.K., Mandal, N, Sengupta, S., Khan, D., Deb, S.K.

https://doi.org/10.1016/0191-8141(93)90081-K


1992 Publications



An experimental approach to wide-necked pinch-and-swell structures. Journal of Structural Geology 14, 395-403.

Mandal, N, Khan, D., Deb, S.K.

https://doi.org/10.1016/0191-8141(92)90101-2


Modes of superposed buckling in single layers controlled by initial tightness of early folds. Journal of Structural Geology 14, 381-394.

Ghosh, S.K., Mandal, N, Khan, D., Deb, S.K.

https://doi.org/10.1016/0191-8141(92)90100-B


1991 Publications



Rotation, offset and separation of oblique-fracture (rhombic) boudins: theory and experiments under layer-normal compression. Journal of Structural Geology 13, 349-356.

Mandal, N., Khan, D.

https://doi.org/10.1016/0191-8141(91)90134-5


1990 Publications



Strain fields and foliation trajectories around pre-, syn-and post-tectonic plutons in coaxially deformed terrains. Geological Journal 25, 19-33.

Mandal, N., Chakraborty, C.

https://doi.org/10.1002/gj.3350250103


1989 Publications



Boundinage in homogeneous foliated rocks. Tectonophysics 170, 151-158.

Mandal, N., Karmakar, S.

https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-1951(89)90109-1


Rotation and offset of shear fracture boudins. Indian Journal of Geology 61, 41-49.

Karmakar S., Mandal, N.


Fault motion and curved slickenlines: a theoretical analysis. Journal of Structural Geology 11, 497-501.

Mandal, N., Chakraborty, C.

https://doi.org/10.1016/0191-8141(89)90026-6


1987 Publications



Rotation rate versus growth rate of syntectonic porphyrobalsts: the controlling parameter of the shape of the inclusion trail. Tectonophysics 136, 165-169.

Mandal, N., Banerjee, S.

https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-1951(87)90339-8